|style="background: #F8EABA; text-align: center;" colspan="2" | Identifiers|
|SMILES||Script error: No such module "collapsible list".|
|InChI||Script error: No such module "collapsible list".|
|style="background: #F8EABA; text-align: center;" colspan="2" | Properties|
|Molar mass||109.13 g/mol|
|Appearance||White orthorhombic pyramidal needles|
|Solubility in water||slightly soluble in cold water, soluble in hot water|
| (what is this?) |
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
2-Aminophenol is an organic compound with the formula C6H4(OH)NH2. Along with its isomer 4-aminophenol, it is an amphoteric molecule and a reducing agent. It is a useful reagent for the synthesis of dyes and heterocyclic compounds. Reflecting its slight hydrophilic character, white powder is moderately soluble in alcohols and can be recrystallised from hot water.
2-Aminophenol (and its isomer, 4-aminophenol) is industrially synthesized by reducing the corresponding nitrophenol by hydrogen in the presence of various catalysts. The nitrophenols can also be reduced with iron.
The compound contains an internal hydrogen bond between the neighbouring amine and hydroxyl groups that partly co-ordinates with the same groups on a neighbouring molecule as well. As a result, 2-aminophenol has a rather high melting point compared to other molecules with a similar molecular mass such as methylphenol.
2-Aminophenol has a variety of uses. As a reducing agent, it is marketed under the names of Atomal and Ortol to develop black and white photographs. 2-Aminophenol is an intermediate in the synthesis of dyes. It is particularly useful in yielding tridentate ligands for metal-complex dyes when diazotized and coupled to a phenol, naphthol, or other aromatic or resonant dye species. Metal complex dyes using copper or chromium are commonly used for producing dull colors. Tridentate ligand dyes are particularly useful, since they are more stable than their bi- or mono-dentate counterparts.
Due to the adjacency of the amino and hydroxyl groups, 2-aminophenol readily forms heterocycles. These heterocycles, such as benzoxazoles, can be biologically active and useful in the pharmaceutical industry:
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- Mitchell, S.C. & Waring, R.H. “Aminophenols.” In Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry; 2002 Wiley-VCH, doi:10.1002/14356007.a02_099.
- Reference Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Acros Organics Publishers, Fisher Scientific UK, (2007), www.acros.com
- Grychtol, K.; Mennicke, W. “Metal-Complex Dyes.” In Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry; 2002 Wiley-VCH, doi:10.1002/14356007.a16_299.
- Hunger, K.; Mischke, P.; Rieper, W.; Raue, R.; Kunde, K.; Engel, A. “Azo Dyes.” In Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2002 Wiley-VCH, doi:10.1002/14356007.a03_245.