380 mm/45 Modèle 1935 gun

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380mm/45 Modèle 1935
File:Canon - 380 mm - 2views .jpg
Remaining gun under Recouvrance Bridge, Brest
Type naval gun
Place of origin France
Service history
In service 1935-1969
Used by France
Wars Second World War, Suez Crisis
Production history
Designed 1935
Number built 16 guns
Weight 2476 tonnes (turret)

94.13 tonnes (single gun)

Length 17.882 m
Barrel length 17.257 m

Shell separate charges and shell
Calibre 380-millimetre (14.96 in)
Breech Welin breech, hydro-pneumatically powered
Recoil 132.5 centimetres (52.2 in)
Elevation 6°/s
Traverse 300°, 5°/s
Rate of fire 1.8 /min
Muzzle velocity 830 metres per second (2,700 ft/s)
Maximum range 41,700 metres (45,600 yd) 35° elevation, streamlined shell

The 380mm/45 Modèle 1935 gun was a heavy naval gun of the French Navy. It was the largest calibre naval gun ever fielded in French service.

The built-up guns were used on the two battleships of the Richelieu class‎‎, Richelieu and Jean Bart. They were mounted in quadruple turrets, which allowed mounting all the main battery at the bow, and saved weight on turret armour in the context of the Washington Naval Treaty.

Two guns remain on display at the Arsenal of Brest, under Recouvrance Bridge, and at the École Navale . The honour room of the École Navale also displays two 380mm shells and tampions [1]

External links