Edsall class destroyer escort
USS Edsall (DE-129)
|Name:||Edsall class destroyer escort|
|Builders:||Consolidated Steel Corporation, Orange, Texas|
Brown Shipbuilding, Houston, Texas
|Operators:|| United States Navy|
United States Navy
22x20px Republic of Vietnam Navy
22x20px Tunisia Navy
22x20px Vietnamese People's Navy
22x20px Mexican Navy
|Preceded by:||Cannon class destroyer escort|
|Succeeded by:||Rudderow class destroyer escort|
1,253 tons standard|
1,590 tons full load
|Length:||306 feet (93.27 m)|
|Beam:||36.58 feet (11.15 m)|
|Draft:||10.42 full load feet (3.18 m)|
|Propulsion:||2-shaft Fairbanks Morse diesels, 6,000 bhp|
|Range:||10,800 nautical miles (20,000 km) at 12 knots (22 km/h)|
The Edsall class destroyer escorts were built primarily for ocean anti-submarine escort service during World War II. The lead ship, USS Edsall (DE-129) was commissioned on 10 April 1943 at Orange, Texas. The class was also known as the FMR type from their Fairbanks-Morse Reduction-geared diesel drive used in the submarines of the time. This was the only World War II DE class in which all the ships originally ordered were completed as United States Navy Destroyer Escorts..Destroyer escorts were regular companions escorting the vulnerable cargo ships. In late WWII plans were made to replace the 3" guns with 5" guns. But only USS Camp (DE 251) was refitted after a collision. In Total all 85 were completed by three shipbuilding companies: Beth Staten Island (47), Consolidated Orange (18), and Houston (20). Many convoys were escorted by these ships and most were en route to the pacific theater when Japan surrendered. One of the ships participated in Operation Dragoon and two were attacked by guided missiles used by the Germans.
A total of 85 Edsall class destroyer escorts were built.
- DE-129 through DE-152 Beth Staten Island
- DE-238 through DE-255 Consolidated Orange
- DE-316 through DE-338 Beth Staten Island
- DE-382 through DE-401 Houston
Fate of Ships
Destroyed or damaged in combat
- DE-136 USS Frederick C. Davis - sunk April 24, 1945 by U-546 in the North Atlantic
- DE-143 USS Fiske - sunk August 2, 1944 by U-804 north of the Azores
- DE-319 USS Leopold - torpedoed March 9, 1944 by U-371 south of Iceland
- DE-320 USS Menges - torpedoed April 20, 1944 by U-371 off Algiers, damaged
- DE-401 USS Holder - damaged April 11, 1944 off Algiers by German aircraft
Transferred to US Coast Guard from 1951 to 1954
- DE-322 USS Newell - redesignated WDE-422
- DE-324 USS Falgout - redesignated WDE-424
- DE-325 USS Lowe - redesignated WDE-425
- DE-328 USS Finch - redesignated WDE-428
- DE-331 USS Koiner - redesignated WDE-431
- DE-334 USS Forster - redesignated WDE-434
- DE-382 USS Ramsden - redesignated WDE-482
- DE-385 USS Richey - redesignated WDE-485
- DE-387 USS Vance - redesignated WDE-487
- DE-389 USS Durant - redesignated WDE-489
- DE-391 USS Chambers - redesignated WDE-491
Transferred to other countries
- DE-250 USS Hurst - transferred to the Mexican Navy as Comodoro Manuel Azueta Perillos (E-30)
- DE-251 USS Camp - transferred to South Vietnam as Tran Hung Dao. Later, to Philippines as Rajah Lakandula
- DE-326 USS Thomas J. Gary - transferred to Tunisia
- DE-334 USS Forster - transferred to South Vietnam as Tran Khanh Du. Later, captured by North Vietnam and used as training vessel
Notable ships of class
- USS Pillsbury (DE-133) sister ship of USS Pope. Was in TG 22.3 with Pope and participated in the capture of U-boat U-505.
- USS Chatelain (DE-149) Was in TG 22.3 with Pope and Pillsbury and participated in the capture of U-505.
- USS Flaherty (DE-135) Was in TG 22.3 with Pope, Pillsbury, and Chatelain and participated in the capture of U-505.
- USS Pope (DE-134) was in Task Force 22.3 that was centered on Escort Carrier USS Guadalcanal which captured German U-boat U-505.
- USS Frost (DE-144) sank 5 German U-boats and awarded Presidential Unit Citation, 7 battle stars.
- USS Stewart (DE-238) - the sole surviving example of the Edsall-class; a museum ship in Galveston, Texas.
- USS Frederick C. Davis (DE-136) and USS Herbert C. Jones (DE-137) each received a Navy Unit Commendation for action during the Anzio campaign.
- USS Kretchmer (DE-329) received a Navy Unit Commendation for action three days after the war ended.
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|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Edsall class destroyer escort.|
- List of Edsall Class Destroyer Escorts
- USS Fessenden DE/DER-142
- Destroyers OnLine: The Destroyer Escorts
- Edsall Class www.destroyerhistory.org
- U.S. Destroyers, an illustrated design history by Norman Friedman, ISBN 1557504423 Chapter 7