Kussmaul's sign

From Self-sufficiency
Jump to: navigation, search

Kussmaul's sign is the observation of a jugular venous pressure (JVP, the filling of the jugular vein) that rises with inspiration. It can be seen in some forms of heart disease. It is usually indicative of right ventricular dysfunction along with hypotension and "dry lungs" (absence of pulmonary edema).


Ordinarily the JVP falls with inspiration due to reduced pressure in the expanding thoracic cavity. Kussmaul's sign suggests impaired filling of the right ventricle due to either fluid in the pericardial space or a poorly compliant myocardium or pericardium. This impaired filling causes the increased blood flow to back up into the venous system, causing the jugular distension.


Possible causes of Kussmaul's sign include:


Kussmaul's sign is named after the German doctor who first described it, Adolph Kussmaul (1822-1902).[2][3] He is also credited with describing Kussmaul breathing.

See also

Kussmaul breathing


Cite error: Invalid <references> tag; parameter "group" is allowed only.

Use <references />, or <references group="..." />
he:סימן קוסמאול pl:Objaw Kussmaula
  1. Disorders of the Cardiovascular System; Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 2009
  2. synd/1368 at Who Named It?
  3. A. Kussmaul. Über schwielige Mediastino-Perikarditis und den paradoxen Puls. Berliner klinische Wochenschrift, 1873, 10: 433-435, 445-449 and 461-464.