|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|Topical, Epidural, Spinal|
|ATC code||C05AD02 (WHO) D04 N01 S01|
|Molar mass||264.363 g/mol[[Script error: No such module "String".]]|
Tetracaine (INN, also known as amethocaine; trade name Pontocaine and Dicaine) is a potent local anesthetic of the ester group. It is mainly used topically in ophthalmology and as an antipruritic, and it has been used in spinal anesthesia.
In biomedical research, tetracaine is used to alter the function of calcium release channels (ryanodine receptors) that control the release of calcium from intracellular stores. Tetracaine is an allosteric blocker of channel function. At low concentrations, tetracaine causes an initial inhibition of spontaneous calcium release events, while at high concentrations, tetracaine blocks release completely.
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