Difference between revisions of "Dichlorvos"

From Self-sufficiency
Jump to: navigation, search
(Boiling point = 140C, so a liquid at room temperature (but with a high vapour pressure), and not technically a fumigant which is a gas at RT.)
m (1 revision)
(No difference)

Latest revision as of 10:00, 20 September 2010

File:Dichlorvos Structural Formulae .V.1.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
2,2-dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate
CAS Number 62-73-7
ATCvet code QP52AB03 (WHO) QP53AF04
PubChem CID 3039
ChemSpider 2931
Chemical data
Formula C4H7Cl2O4P
Molar mass 220.98 g/mol[[Script error: No such module "String".]]
Script error: No such module "collapsible list".
Script error: No such module "TemplatePar".Expression error: Unexpected < operator.

Dichlorvos or 2,2-dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate (DDVP) is a highly volatile organophosphate, widely used as a insecticide to control household pests, in public health, and protecting stored product from insects. It is effective against mushroom flies, aphids, spider mites, caterpillars, thrips, and whiteflies in greenhouse, outdoor fruit, and vegetable crops. It is also used in the milling and grain handling industries and to treat a variety of parasitic worm infections in dogs, livestock, and humans. It is fed to livestock to control bot fly larvae in the manure. It acts against insects as both a contact and a stomach poison. It is available as an aerosol and soluble concentrate. It is also used in pet collars and "no-pest strips" as pesticide-impregnated plastic. The United States Environmental Protection Agency first considered a ban on DDVP in 1981. Since then it has been close to being banned on several occasions, but continues to be available. Major concerns are over acute and chronic toxicity. There is no conclusive evidence of carcinogenicity to date, however a 2010 study found that each 10-fold increase in urinary concentration of organophosphate metabolites was associated with a 55% to 72% increase in the odds of ADHD in children.[1]

DDVP is absorbed through all routes of exposure. its symptoms are weakness, headache, tightness in chest, blurred vision, salivation, sweating, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps.

Dichlorvos damages DNA of insects in museum collections.[2]


Cite error: Invalid <references> tag; parameter "group" is allowed only.

Use <references />, or <references group="..." />

External links


de:Dichlorvos fr:Dichlorvos lv:Dihlofoss nl:Dichloorvos ja:ジクロルボス ru:Дихлофос

  1. http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/721892
  2. Espeland M., Irestedt M., Johanson K. A., Åkerlund M., Bergh J.-E. & Källersjö M. (2010). "Dichlorvos exposure impedes extraction and amplification of DNA from insects in museum collections". Frontiers in Zoology 2010, 7: 2. doi:10.1186/1742-9994-7-2