|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|Molar mass||253.33886 g/mol[[Script error: No such module "String".]]|
The dextrorotary (R)-(+)-enantiomer is the most pharmacologically active, although a variety of related derivatives have been studied. Anecdotally, the dextrorotary enantiomer is orally active in the 25-100mg range, with a duration of 5-8 hours. The effects are said to be similar to other NDRIs, producing mild stimulation (at least in relation to substances like methamphetamine or cocaine) which is productive for working or studying, but with relatively little euphoria. Similar drugs to diphenylprolinol include pipradrol, desoxypipradrol, and to a lesser extent, methylphenidate.
There have been indications from detailed reports posted on Internet forums dedicated to researching such compounds that diphenylprolinol may not be as benign as its mild effects seem to suggest. At higher doses and with more frequent administration, its effects on dopamine can become significant enough for binging and addiction to enter the picture. Several large overdoses requiring hospitalization have been reported, possibly related to addiction issues. It is advisable to exercise caution when administering this compound, even for occasional use, as most dopamine reuptake inhibitors are addictive.
Side effects including chest pain (suggestive of possible cardiovascular toxicity) have been seen following recreational use of diphenylprolinol, although it was combined with glaucine in a party pill product ("Head Candy" brand), thus making it impossible to say for certain which drug was responsible.
Use in organic synthesis
In organic synthesis, diphenylprolinol can be used to prepare the chiral CBS catalyst, which is used for enantioselective reduction of prochiral ketones. The catalyst is also useful in asymmetric Aldol reactions. Diphenylprolinol is condensed with a phenylboronic acid, or with borane (as shown below), to give the CBS catalyst, which complexes in situ with borane to give the active catalyst.
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- Lohray, B. B., Bhushan, V. (1992). "Oxazaborolidines and Dioxaborolidines in Enantioselective Catalysis". Angew. Chem.-Int. Edit. Engl. 31 (6): 729–730. ISSN 0570-0833.