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lysophosphatidic acid receptor 6
SymbolsLPAR6; MGC120358; P2Y5; P2RY5
External IDsOMIM609239 MGI1914418 HomoloGene55925 IUPHAR: GeneCards: LPAR6 Gene
RNA expression pattern
More reference expression data
RefSeq (mRNA)NM_005767NM_175116
RefSeq (protein)NP_005758NP_780325
Location (UCSC)Chr 13:
47.88 - 47.89 Mb
Chr 14:
71.97 - 71.97 Mb
PubMed search[1][2]

Lysophosphatidic acid receptor 6 also known as LPA6 and P2RY5 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the LPAR6 gene.[1][2][3][4] LPA6 is a G protein-coupled receptor that binds the lipid signaling molecule lysophosphatidic acid (LPA).[5][6]

The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the family of G-protein coupled receptors, that are preferentially activated by adenosine and uridine nucleotides. This gene aligns with an internal intron of the retinoblastoma susceptibility gene in the reverse orientation.[4]

Role in hair growth/loss

In February 2008 researchers at the University of Bonn announced they have found the genetic basis of two distinct forms of inherited hair loss, opening a broad path to treatments for baldness. They found that the gene P2RY5 causes a rare, inherited form of hair loss called Hypotrichosis simplex. It is the first receptor in humans known to play a role in hair growth. The fact that any receptor plays a specific role in hair growth was previously unknown to scientists and with this new knowledge a focus on finding more of these genes may be able to lead to therapies for many different types of hair loss.[5]

See also


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Further reading

  • Toguchida J, McGee TL, Paterson JC; et al. (1993). "Complete genomic sequence of the human retinoblastoma susceptibility gene". Genomics. 17 (3): 535–43. doi:10.1006/geno.1993.1368. PMID 7902321. 
  • Maruyama K, Sugano S (1994). "Oligo-capping: a simple method to replace the cap structure of eukaryotic mRNAs with oligoribonucleotides". Gene. 138 (1-2): 171–4. doi:10.1016/0378-1119(94)90802-8. PMID 8125298. 
  • Herzog H, Darby K, Hort YJ, Shine J (1997). "Intron 17 of the human retinoblastoma susceptibility gene encodes an actively transcribed G protein-coupled receptor gene". Genome Res. 6 (9): 858–61. doi:10.1101/gr.6.9.858. PMID 8889552. 
  • Li Q, Schachter JB, Harden TK, Nicholas RA (1997). "The 6H1 orphan receptor, claimed to be the p2y5 receptor, does not mediate nucleotide-promoted second messenger responses". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 236 (2): 455–60. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1997.6984. PMID 9240460. 
  • Suzuki Y, Yoshitomo-Nakagawa K, Maruyama K; et al. (1997). "Construction and characterization of a full length-enriched and a 5'-end-enriched cDNA library". Gene. 200 (1-2): 149–56. doi:10.1016/S0378-1119(97)00411-3. PMID 9373149. 
  • Strausberg RL, Feingold EA, Grouse LH; et al. (2003). "Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99 (26): 16899–903. doi:10.1073/pnas.242603899. PMID 12477932. 
  • Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T; et al. (2004). "Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs". Nat. Genet. 36 (1): 40–5. doi:10.1038/ng1285. PMID 14702039. 
  • Dunham A, Matthews LH, Burton J; et al. (2004). "The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 13". Nature. 428 (6982): 522–8. doi:10.1038/nature02379. PMID 15057823. 
  • Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA; et al. (2004). "The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC)". Genome Res. 14 (10B): 2121–7. doi:10.1101/gr.2596504. PMID 15489334. 
  • Ihara H, Hirukawa K, Goto S, Togari A (2005). "ATP-stimulated interleukin-6 synthesis through P2Y receptors on human osteoblasts". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 326 (2): 329–34. doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2004.11.037. PMID 15582581. 

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.

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